Bluefin tuna fished in Atlantic Canada are part of the western Atlantic stock. Because of their highly migratory nature, Bluefin are managed under the jurisdiction of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). DFO website
The Bluefin tuna commercial fishing season runs from January 1 through December 31 each year in Atlantic Canada but, the directed fishery for the individual fleets open on various dates as chosen by the fleet. Traditionally the fishery begins with the migration of Bluefin into Canadian waters in early July and continues until November. The majority of landings occur between mid-August and late October. DFO website
Bluefin Tuna – There are two Tuna Fleets within the GCIFA membership
1. 4WD Tuna Fishery (4W NAFO area) but share in the International Bluefin Tuna Quota and is Scotia Fundy Based:
10 licenses that are managed under the 4WD Tuna Fishery Association
4WD is restricted to a Rod & Reel gear only
This fleet has a set percentage quota that is managed and fished competitively by the 10 license holders only
The season is set from August 1st to December 31st and the fleet decides by gentlemen’s agreement when to start the fishing activity
2. Gulf Nova Scotia Tuna Fishery but share in the International Bluefin Tuna Quota and is Gulf Nova Scotia Based:
10 licenses that are managed under the Gulf Nova Scotia Tuna Association
GNSTF is restricted to Rod and Reel gear only
The fishery gets a percentage quota that is competitively fished by all Gulf Based licenses.
Shrimp Trap Fishery
The Chedabucto Bay Shrimp trap fishery was started in the early nineties by a local fishermen, Michael Newell, who was intent on exploiting a species that was at our door step but he wanted a different gear type for the inshore areas. He experimented with various trap types and eventually developed a trap that would catch select size shrimp and kept our by-catch species. Exploratory licenses were issued for Chedabucto Bay.
Additional exploratory trap licences were activated in 1997 with distribution based on
Lobster fishing areas. This introduction provided access to the entire coastline within
SFA 13-15 (from Cape North to Halifax). However, commercial quantities of shrimp
Were only found within the Chedabucto Bay area separating Cape Breton from mainland
Nova Scotia. All licences eligible for areas outside of Chedabucto Bay were not reissued
Due to lack of participation.
Up until 1999 the trap fishery was supplementary to the mobile shrimp TAC. Science information at the time indicated that the two fleets were fishing the same stock and therefore 10% of the TAC was reserved for the trap fishery. This share was reduced to
8% of the TAC in 2005 and remains at that level today. Based on negotiations between the mobile shrimp and shrimp trap fisheries, uncaught trap quota is eligible to be transferred to the mobile quota on a temporary basis each year.
GCIFA membership hold licenses for mobile shrimp in Eastern Scotia Shelf Shrimp Fishery.
The trawl fishery for shrimp on the Eastern Scotian Shelf (ENS; NAFO Subdivision
4VW), also referred to as SFA 13, 14 & 15, began in the mid-1970s. This fishery has developed into an economic driver for the Atlantic Fisheries. The fishery is managed with DFO as a quota fishery, dockside monitored, VMS monitoring, logbooks and the quota is based on an industry paid annual science survey used by DFO biologist, to determine the fishable biomass. This Mobile shrimp Fishery has been certified as sustainable by the Marine Stewardship Council. (MSC)
GCIFA membership hold ground fish licenses for inshore 4VN – 4VSW NAFO areas. The inshore licenses holders are still under a ground fish moratorium since 1992 but have a small Halibut quota, managed by a community management board. The board is made up of GCIFA, ESFPA and Halifax West Association. The halibut fishery is a hook and line fishery.
GCIFA membership also hold offshore ground fish license/quota for redfish, silver hake, Pollock and flounder. These fisheries use trawl and are managed by DFO by quotas, dockside and at sea monitoring as well as VMS monitoring systems.
GCIFA membership hold licenses for SFA East of Baccaro for inshore scallop drag. The license holders have a quota per license and are managed by DFO through dockside monitoring, at sea trip logs. Many of the licenses are in-active due to high cost of monitoring and low quota access.
GCIFA membership hold snow crab license for CFA 24 and is fished using wire conical traps, set mainly in offshore waters extending to Sable Island. This fishery is managed by industry and DFO with a set quota. Industry pays for and conducts with DFO Biologist, the annual trawl survey used by DFO with the data log sheets to determine the fishable biomass. This fishery is 100% VMS monitored as well as at-sea monitoring and 100% dockside monitoring. A minimum carapace size is in place for conservation and no females can be exploited.
GCIFA membership hold licenses for mackerel fish traps, gill/ set net and jiggers. A shared Atlantic wide quota is fished with logbook conditions and dockside monitoring. Mackerel must be a conditional length overall to harvest and this is set by DFO. The majority of the mackerel caught is for other bait dependent fisheries such as lobster, and crab but there is also a food fishery for fall mackerel. Mackerel is also the primary species for our recreational summer fisheries in the area.
Other licenses help but not currently being fished: